SAN FRANCISCO (AP) A federal appeals court has refused to reinstate the conviction of an Arizona man accused of planning a Super Bowl massacre, saying his rambling "manifesto" did not constitute a threat to people.

Kurt Havelock, who did not attack, was convicted in 2008 of mailing threatening messages after he sent a disjointed "econopolitical" letter to media outlets that promised to "test the theory that bullets speak louder than words."

Havelock instead turned himself in to police, saying he changed his mind after sending the statements and taking a semiautomatic weapon and ammunition to a parking lot near University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Ariz., where people had begun to gather before the game.


A full 11-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled 9-2 Friday that Havelock's rambling message did not violate the law because it was addressed to corporations, not individuals, according the Los Angeles Times