By contrast, national standards in most European countries conform to the European Convention on Human Rights, which impels its 47 signatories to permit only deadly force that is absolutely necessary to achieve a lawful purpose. Killings excused under Americas reasonable belief standards often violate Europes absolute necessity standards. For example, the unfounded fear of Darren Wilson the former Ferguson cop who fatally shot Michael Brown that Brown was armed would not have likely absolved him in Europe. Nor would officers fears of the screwdriver that a mentally ill Dallas man Jason Harrison refused to drop. "In Europe, killing is considered unnecessary if alternatives exist. For example, national guidelines in Spain would have prescribed that Wilson incrementally pursue verbal warnings, warning shots, and shots at nonvital parts of the body before resorting to deadly force. Six shots would likely be deemed disproportionate to the threat that Brown, unarmed and wounded, allegedly posed." In some areas, local police don't carry. But there are PLENTY of armed officers aside from local police in Europe. The article addresses this.